Remember doing footnotes back when you were in school? Well, things have changed quite a bit in the world of citations and we need to have this knowledge in order to assist our middle and high school patrons, as well as those who are currently in college.
Citations style vary from print to online resources and it is important that you know where to find this information. While it is unreasonable to expect everyone to know how to cite everything, it is reasonable to expect that you know where to find them and understand the instructions well enough that you can assist our patrons in creating citations.
This Thing will familiarize you with the different types of styles, as well as lead you to some places that can help patrons write their own using online tools.
The UCLA Library has explained the reasons for citation in a really no-nonsense way. Here's what they have to say:
It may seem like citing your sources is tedious, but it's important and there are many reasons to do it.
Attributing and documenting your sources:
There are many different types of citation styles. Some instructors require a certain type and others are dictated by the field of study. The following are the main citation styles and their associated specialties:
APA - Used for psychology, education, nursing and other social sciences
MLA - Used for literature, arts and humanities
ASA - Used for sociology and related disciplines
ACS - Used for the sciences, but represents a more team-based production of knowledge
Chicago, Turabian and Sciences - These citation styles are used only when required by specific instructors
Government Publications - This is a style specific to citing documents and websites from the U.S. and other governments
Using whichever tool you'd like, create a citation for the following works. Send your answers as a Word document to firstname.lastname@example.org.
MLA Citation: Carnival of the Dead by David Hewson (Catalog Link)
APA Citation: The Astronaut Wives Club: A True Story by Lily Koppel (Catalog Link)
Chicago Citation: "What's Hot: The Latest in Library Products & Furnishings - Library By Design" (Resource Link)
APA Citation: The Gettysburg Address